Oman Botanic Garden
A JOURNEY THROUGH THE HEART OF OMAN

ROSACEAE

Prunus arabica

Prunus arabica

Unarmed large shrub or small tree, up to 3m in height. Twigs green, ribbed. Leaves: Linear-lanceolate to linear-spathulate, margin entire to irregularly crenate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Flowers: Solitary, sessile, appearing before the leaves. Sepals ovate, deciduous. Petals pink to pale pink, obovate. Fruit: Drupe, ovoid, apiculate, grey-green to brown-green, pubescent; stone smooth. Flowering period: January to March. Habitat: It grows on rocky plateaus, wadi sides and in gullies, with Acacia and Ziziphus. Found in Al Hajar Mountains and Musandam. Altitude: 500-1800m. Uses: In Northern Oman, the fruit is edible, and taken as a treatment for diabetes. In Musandam, the tree is sometimes planted as a windbreak at the edges of small farms on the mountains. The wood is used to make the handles of a traditional tribal axe found in Musandam.

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